The Mormons built many boats for rivers like the Platte, Elk Horn, and Loup Rivers. Mormon leader Brigham Young and his followers were forced to leave Nauvoo, Illinois. After Mormon leader Joseph Smith was murdered by a mob in 1844, church members realized that their settlement at Nauvoo was becoming increasingly untenable. [Santa Fe and Old Spanish.]? The Mormon Trail covers about 1,300 miles from its starting point Nauvoo, Illinois, to its end in Salt Lake City, Utah. Due to the hostility shown towards the Mormons, he decided they needed to move somewhere safer. The students are in cooperative groups of approximately five students. Latter-day Saints were finally forced to abandon Nauvoo in 1846. Mormon Trail Map - Path of the Mormon Pioneer Trail Mormon Trail Map Information The Mormon Trail or the Mormon Pioneer Trail is the 1,300 mile route that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints traveled from 1846 to 1868. Salt Lake City was laid out and designated as Church headquarters. From Nauvoo, Illinois, the Saints crossed Iowa. Starvations, death, depression, loss of limbs, frost bite. The motivations for moving west were unique. Independence, Missouri. The effects of differing cultures on the Mormon Trail. …Bridger (southwestern Wyoming), where the. • The designated corridor is almost 1,300 miles long . Young, and 148 Mormons, crossed into the Great Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847. These staging areas were moved farther west as the ability to travel up the Missouri River or by rail improved. 1 Countless stories have been told and recorded of the trials and tribulations of the Mormon pioneers. Pratt and Snow became the first two members of Brigham Young's wagon train to enter the Salt Lake Valley when they arrived as scouts on July 21, 1847. Routine, Rules Discipline, Constitutions Description of a typical day on the trail. Therefore, the LDS Church established a revolving fund, known as the Perpetual Emigration Fund, to enable the poor to emigrate. During the first few years, the emigrants were mostly former occupants of Nauvoo who were following Young to Utah. The following are major points along the trail at which the early Mormon pioneers stopped, established temporary camps, or used as landmarks and meeting places. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. By Deseret News Jul 22, 2008, 12:05am MDT. The Mormon Trail broke south just to the west of the Continental Divide , and it terminated to the southeast of the Great Salt Lake, in what is today Salt Lake City . Under Young's leadership, about 14,000 Mormon citizens of Nauvoo set out to find a new home in the West. This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Mormon Trail across 20 in-depth pages. They followed the Platte River on the north bank to avoid contact with the travelers on the busy Oregon Trail that followed the south bank of the river from near Kearney westward. Why was the Santa Fe trail important? Wagons collapsed, people died from exposure, and it took 131 days for the Mormon convoy to travel 310 miles to relative safety on the banks of the Missouri, … The small sick detachment lagged behind the larger group, and a scouting division was created to move farther ahead on the designated route. A few days later, the Carthage Convention called for establishment of a militia that would force them out if they failed to meet the May deadline. Updates? The Mormon Trail is the 1,300-mile (2,100 km) long route from Illinois to Utah that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled for 3 months. Beginning in 1846, thousands of Mormons traversed a route that would later be called the Mormon Trail. Figure 1 gives a map of these posts and the dates they were used. Following existing pioneer trails through Iowa, the group established winter quarters in Omaha, Nebraska. On November 18, 1978, the trail route was established by Congress as a part of the National Trail System. , Although the movement had split into several denominations after Smith's death in 1844, most members aligned themselves with Brigham Young and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Joseph Smith was the man who founded the church. Stories from the Trail Stories from the trail. Death and Hardship on the Mormon Trail . , Now facing a more rugged and hazardous trek, Young chose to follow the trail used by the Donner–Reed party on their journey to California the previous year. Mormon Trail, in U.S. history, the route taken by Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what would become the state of Utah. The 1st stop on the trail was Fort Laramie, they then followed the Oregon Trailfor some 400 miles to Fort Bridger. Soil carbon levels and C/N ratios are higher in the off‐trail soils for all sampled depth intervals below the 5‐ to 10‐cm depth interval. Church members were severely persecuted and driven from New York, Ohio, Missouri, and ultimately Illinois.After Joseph Smith's murder in 1844, the Latter Day Saints or Mormons abandoned their homes in Nauvoo, IL in fear that mobs would soon come to destroy them. By 1852, most of the Latter-day Saints from Nauvoo who wished to emigrate had done so, and the church abandoned its settlements in Iowa. Known as Winter Quarters, the camp became a deadly location. The small boxes affixed to the carts were three to four feet (91 to 122 cm) long and eight inches (20 cm) high. Its most important period was from 1863–68. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Mormon Trail Center at Historic Winter Quarters, National Historic Trails Interpretive Center, "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Sugar Creek", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Richardson's Point", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Chariton River Crossing", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Locust Creek", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Nishnabotna River Crossing", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Grand Encampment", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Council Bluffs", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Platte River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Loup Fork", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Kearny", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Confluence Point", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Ash Hollow", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Chimney Rock", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Scotts Bluff", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Laramie", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Upper Platte (Mormon) Ferry", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Sweetwater River", "Ninth Crossing of the Sweetwater (Burnt Ranch)", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Independence Rock", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Devil's Gate", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Martin's Cove", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Green River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Bridger", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Bear River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / The Needles", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Echo Canyon", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Big Mountain", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Golden Pass Road", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Emigration Canyon", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Salt Lake Valley", "Gathering the Dispersed Nauvoo Saints, 1847–52", "Following the Wagon Wheels of the Latter-Day Saints", National Park Service site on the Mormon trail, Photos and history of the trail in Wyoming, National Mormon National Trail itinerary in Iowa, Washington–Rochambeau Revolutionary Route, Mississippi National River and Recreation Area Water Trail, Mississippi River Water Trail (MRWT) Great River Water Trail, Missouri National Recreational River Water Trail, Historic sites of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mormon_Trail&oldid=995067819, National Historic Trails of the United States, Units of the National Landscape Conservation System, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 01:31. The Trail of Tears describes the routes taken by five Native American tribes after they were forced from their homes by the United States government. Some later companies used handcarts and traveled by foot. There were also an alarming number of accidents, including gunshot wounds, burns, and broken bones. The Saints traveled the trail broken by the vanguard company, splitting the journey into two sections. Which trails became networks of connected trails? Some 3,000 of them pulled handcarts. They traveled in semi-military fashion, grouped into companies of 100s, 50s, and 10s. In 1877, the St. George Temple was completed—the first latter-day temple built since the Saints moved west—and the Church members in northeast Arizona responded with many temple trips. The economic status of the participants 3. The holy text, supposedly engraved on gold plates by a Native American prophet named Mormon in the fifth century A.D., told the story of Israelite peoples who had lived in … Mormons and Trail-Side Services Pioneers had many skills and trades that came in handy when preparing to travel along the trail. Answers: 3, question: answers The Santa Fe Trail, a 19th-century transportation route through central North America that connected Independence, Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico. Mormon emigrants were also pioneering users of the Oregon Trail. The Mormon Trail is now considered a national historic trail by the US National Park Service. The Mormon Pioneer Trail connects Winter Quarters with Salt Lake City. All along the Mormon trail, and during the years that the pioneers traversed this great trek west, hundreds of Saints of all ages, especially the young and elderly, died from hunger, cold, sickness, disease, and exhaustion. While not the first to use handcarts, they were the only group to use them extensively. The trail was the major conduit for settlement of the American West until the Transcontinental Railroad was completed in 1869. Mormon Trails. These unique aspects are: 1. From Nauvoo, Illinois, the Saints crossed Iowa. , Scouts Erastus Snow and Orson Pratt entered the Salt Lake Valley on July 21. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Mormons, due to persecution and suffering, left Nauvoo in 1847. The Mormon Trail converged with the Oregon Trail at Fort Laramie, Wyo., where Brigham Young's party crossed to the south side of North Platte River, and cut off to the Salt Lake Valley at Fort Bridger. Hard work produced a prosperous community. Young reviewed information on the Great Salt Lake Valley and the Great Basin, consulted with mountain men and trappers, and met with Father Pierre-Jean De Smet, a Jesuit missionary familiar with the region. The land ownership along the Mormon Trail is made up of private land (822 miles or 64%), land under federal management (264 miles or 20%), and land under state and local ownership (214 miles or 16%). Where did the Santa Fe trail start? William Clayton also made … What lasting effect ... Where did the Mormon Trail end? The weather, general unpreparedness, and lack of experience in moving such a large group of people all contributed to the difficulties they endured. They met severe winter weather west of present-day Casper, Wyoming, and continued to cope with deep snow and storms for the remainder of the journey. • On Nov. 18, 1978, Congress established the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail as part of the National Trail System. [The pioneers] marked the path and led the way. The students should be able to locate a map of the Mormon Trail … The Oregon Trail. They could carry about 500 pounds (227 kg), most of this weight consisting of trail provisions and a few personal possessions. ", In August 1847, Young and selected members of the vanguard company returned to Winter Quarters to organize the companies scheduled for following years. Therefore, an irrigation system was designed and the land was flooded before plowing, and the resulting system provided supplemental moisture during the year. This early departure exposed them to the elements in the worst of winter. Land ownership along the trail is made up of 822 miles (64 percent) on private land, 264 miles (20 percent) under federal management and 214 miles (16 percent) in state and local ownership. The Mormons were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity. It did not take long, however, until the United States caught up with them, and in 1848, after the end of the war with Mexico, the land in which they settled became part of the United States. Time Frame. The students should be able to locate a map of the Mormon Trail to follow where they are at each step of the way. Printable Version. Brigham Young became the new leader of the Mormons. Finally, with the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in 1869, future emigrants were able to travel by rail, and the era of the Mormon pioneer trail came to an end.. The Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail stretches 1,297 miles from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Salt Lake City, Utah. Discipline, hard work, mutual assistance, and devotional practices were part of their daily routine on the trail. You must travel west as you take the role of a Mormon pioneer in the 1800's. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-is-the-mormon-trail.html Corrections? The Mormon Trails of northern Kansas and southern Nebraska started from the following points mainly: Independence and St. Joseph, Missouri; Leavenworth and Atchison, Kansas, and quite a number crossed the Missouri River at Brownsville and Nebraska City. The Mormon Trail is not an original trail, but followed existing territorial and Indian trails. To their left on the south side of the Platte ran the imposing Scotts Bluffs. What other trail did the Mormon Trail follow for part of the journey? Mormons were once persecuted and forced from their homes. During the years on the Mormon Trail, the cooks managed to feed their people on little more than the bare necessities. Which trails followed routes through land purchased from Louisiana? However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. Young, and 148 Mormons, crossed into the Great Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847. Their first real way station was at Garden Grove, where 170 men cleared 715 acres in three weeks, for the purpose of providing shelter for those coming behind. , Each year during the Mormon migration, people continued to be organized into "companies", each company bearing the name of its leader and subdivided into groups of 10 and 50. Non-frontiersmen were quickly transformed into pioneers 5. Pioneered in 1821 by William Becknell. A Brief History. This journey for the Mormon immigrants began in 1846 in Nauvoo, Illinois and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah. Young originally planned to lead an express company of about 300 men to the Great Basin during the summer of 1846. The trail passes through the states of Utah, Nebraska, Illinois, and Wyoming. Toys Amusements were always part of the trail experience. After crossing the Mississippi River, the journey across Iowa Territory followed primitive territorial roads and Native American trails. • Between 1846 and 1869, some 70,000 Mormons traveled west on the trail. However, the fourth and fifth companies, known as the Willie and Martin Companies, respectively, had serious problems. The Mormon Trail extends form Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah. The story of the Mormon Trail is rooted in the beginnings of a unique American religion. As the vanguard company traveled through the rugged mountains, they divided into three sections. Pioneers Mormon Pioneers. Their first real way station was at Garden Grove, where 170 men cleared 715 acres in three weeks, for the purpose of providing shelter for those coming behind. A few people were even run over by wagons since nearly everyone walked beside the prairie schooners. , As the senior apostle of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles after Joseph Smith's death, Brigham Young assumed responsibility of the leadership of the church. Route of the Mormon Trail. The Mormon Trail broke south just to the west of the Continental Divide, and it terminated to the southeast of the Great Salt Lake, in what is today Salt Lake City. The Mormon Trail ©1995 by Beverly Whitaker, Genealogy Tutor. The 1838 Mormon War, also known as the Missouri Mormon War, was a conflict between Mormons and non-Mormons in Missouri from August to November 1838, the first of the three "Mormon Wars".. Members of the Latter Day Saint movement, founded by Joseph Smith, had gradually migrated from New York to northwestern Missouri since 1831, mainly settling in Jackson County, where tensions with non-Mormon … In this paper we examine mortality along the Mormon Trail, from the staging areas where the wagon and handcart companies were formed to arrival in the Great Basin. Today, the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, known as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. Knowing others would follow, they improved the trail and built support facilities. The holy text, supposedly engraved on gold plates by a Native American prophet named Mormon in the fifth century A.D., told the story of Israelite peoples who had lived in America in ancient times. From there the first wave of settlers followed the Platte River west across Nebraska and into Wyoming, at which point the Mormon Trail frequently coincided with the Oregon Trail. [Oregon, Mormon, California]? They were seen as a faster, easier, and cheaper way to bring European converts to Salt Lake City. The students will each have specific From there the first wave of settlers followed the Platte River west across Nebraska and into Wyoming, at which point the Mormon Trail frequently coincided with the Oregon Trail. Latter-day Saint settlements were being attacked by mobs who burned crops, destroyed homes and threatened the people. Mormon Trail facts. 10 class periods of 45 minutes each ... particularly those that were caused by the people coming from different countries. This is a heartwarming story featuring the reenactment of the trip the Mormons took years ago that lead them to Utah. [California.]? The Mormon pioneers learned quickly to be well-organized. We've all traveled the Oregon Trail, but have YOU ever traversed the Mormon Trail? 1899, Utah. However, many church members from the eastern states and from Europe continued to emigrate to Utah, often assisted by the Perpetual Emigration Fund. Others moved across the river into the area of present-day Omaha, Nebraska, and built a camp called Winter Quarters. A horizons were thicker and saturated hydraulic conductivity higher in the off‐trail soils. They were generally six to seven feet (183 to 213 cm) long, wide enough to span a narrow wagon track, and could be alternately pushed or pulled. A militia and night guard were formed. Although the Little Colorado Saints were among the most isolated pioneers, they were among the first to receive the blessings of the temple. Salt Lake City. One Governor in Missouri even called for the extermination of all Mormon people, eventually leading to them abandoning their settlements in Nauvoo and heading West. We all know the story of the Oregon trail, with their constantly broken wagons, easily caught diseases, and action-movie amounts of bullets. The initial party reached the Missouri River on June 14. All along the Mormon trail, and during the years that the pioneers traversed this great trek west, hundreds of Saints of all ages, especially the young and elderly, died from hunger, cold, sickness, disease, and exhaustion. For the next two decades, wagon trains bearing thousands of Mormon immigrants followed Young’s westward trail. , By 1849, many of the Latter-day Saints who remained in Iowa or Missouri were poor and unable to afford the costs of the wagon, teams of oxen, and supplies that would be required for the trip. Young also organized a vanguard company to break trail to the Rocky Mountains, evaluate trail conditions, find sources of water, and select a central gathering point in the Great Basin. Church members were severely persecuted and driven from New York, Ohio, Missouri, and ultimately Illinois.After Joseph Smith's murder in 1844, the Latter Day Saints or Mormons abandoned their homes in Nauvoo, IL in fear that mobs would soon come to destroy them. It followed part of the Ox-Bow Trail, the Oregon and California Trails and the Hastings cut-off into the Valley of the Great Salt Lake. The effects of differing cultures on the Mormon Trail. Young established a new route along the north bank of the Platte that would become known as the Mormon trail. Mormon settlers developed the trail's western half for wagon traffic between Salt Lake City and Los Angeles. The first segment began in Nauvoo and ended in Winter Quarters, near modern-day Omaha, Nebraska. This wagon trail length was about 1,300 miles. He believed they could cross Iowa and reach the Missouri River in approximately four to six weeks. The Mormon Pioneers traveled on the Mormon Trail, not the Oregon Trail. Furthermore, few people carried adequate provisions for the trip. Young and several other members of the party suffered from a fever, generally accepted as a "mountain fever" induced by wood ticks. Young led the first migration of Mormons up the Platte River Valley in 1847 to what is now the state of Utah. Young organized a rescue effort that brought the companies in, but more than 210 of the 980 emigrants in the two parties died. Food supplies were soon exhausted. The Mormon Trail ©1995 by Beverly Whitaker, Genealogy Tutor. , Some of the emigrants established a settlement called Kanesville (present-day Council Bluffs) on the Iowa side of the river. The earlier groups used covered wagons pulled by oxen to carry their supplies across the country. The second half of the journey took the Saints through the area that later became Nebraska and Wyoming, before finishing their journey in the Salt Lake Valley in present-day Utah. The Mormon Trail extends form Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah. Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, proposed a 1,300-mile (2,100-km) exodus to the west. Like the other westward-bound emigrants, the Mormons settlers were hoping for a better life, and more importantly to them, religious freedom. The company consisted of 143 men, including three black people and eight members of the Quorum of the Twelve, three women, and two children. He would later be sustained as President of the Church and prophet. Mormons and the Environment Mormon pioneers were careful of the environment because they know other members of their faith would follow along the same trail. Along their way, some were assigned to establish settlements and to plant and harvest crops for later emigrants. The route was designated a national historic trail by the U.S. National Park Service. The original Mormon Trail goes from Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois to Omaha, Douglas, Nebraska, to Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, and Wyoming. The three women were the only three women in that first wagon train. Mormon Station was built in 1851 as a trading post along the Carson Route of the California Trail. Rain or shine, twice each day she started her campfire and baked, cooked, roasted and broiled enough food to satisfy whomever was under her care. According to Woodruff, Young expressed his satisfaction in the appearance of the valley and declared, "This is the right place, drive on. Ground was broken, irrigation ditches were dug, and the first fields of potatoes and turnips were planted. The winter cold, most mormons were forced out in the middle of the night and they left in hand carts, not wagons. The train contained 73 wagons, draft animals, and livestock, and carried enough supplies to provision the group for one year. In 1847 and 1848 Mormon Battalion veterans, after being discharged in California from their U. S. military service in the Mexican War, helped establish important sections of the California Trail including the Carson route, sometimes called the Mormon-Carson Emigrant Trail; Hensley's Salt Lake Cutoff; and the southern route from the Salt Lake Valley to the Spanish Trail. He hoped to avoid encounters with the hostile groups they were fleeing. The Mormon Trail extends from Nauvoo, Illinois, which was the principal settlement of the Latter Day Saints from 1839 to 1846, to Salt Lake City, Utah, which was settled by Brigham Young and his followers beginning in 1847. Hundreds died of cholera, scurvy, dysentery and from the effects of severe weather. THE MORMON TRAIL. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Death and Hardship on the Mormon Trail . They discussed routes into the Salt Lake Valley and the feasibility of viable settlements in the mountain valleys of the Great Basin. Route of the Mormon Trail. Contents. The Mormon Trail Worksheets. By December 1847, more than 2,000 Mormons had completed the journey to the Salt Lake Valley, then in Mexican territory.. . Pioneer Pathways to Zion, 1846–1890. At this point, the now larger company took the established Oregon Trail toward the trading post at Fort Bridger. Into the Wilderness, 1846 Routes through California, 1846–1848 Route to the Great Salt Lake, 1847 The Trail in the 1850s From Wagon Roads to Railroads the Mormons were fleeing religious persecution while those following other trails were primarily searching for profit or land What was the biggest difference between people who followed the Mormon Trail and those who followed other trails west? Despite the fact that "the major part of the route in Wyoming used by all Bozeman Trail travelers in 1864 was pioneered by Allen Hurlbut", it was named after John Bozeman. The Quincy Convention of October 1845 passed resolutions demanding that the Latter-day Saints withdraw from Nauvoo by May 1846. This included the actions of Missouri Governor Lilburn Boggs, who issued Missouri Executive Order 44, which called for the "extermination" of all Mormons in Missouri. In their new settlement, entertainment was also important, and the first public building was a theater. Learn about the Mormon Trail at the California Trail Interpretive Center. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Mormons on their trek from Illinois to Utah, 1846. At the end of March, Young reorganized the camp into three companies of 100 families each. The incident helped spur passage of a bill establishing the Oregon Territory (1848) and contributed to the Cayuse War between Indians and settlers, which did not end until 1850. The Mormons were persecuted for … Answer: (A) Brigham Young led a group of religious pioneers west along the Mormon Trail in 1846.. Explanation: In the year 1846, Brigham Young, himself and his followers were driven out from their home in Nauvoo, Illinois for their religious beliefs and were pushed west. , All but two of the handcart companies successfully completed the rugged journey, with relatively few problems and only a few deaths. The companies left Iowa City, Iowa, in July 1856, very late to begin the trip across the plains. The famous Oregon, Mormon, and California trails all passed through the Platte River Valley. Among the emigrants were the Mormon handcart pioneers of 1856–60. A new route on the north side of the Platte and North Platte rivers was chosen to avoid potential conflicts over grazing rights, water access, and campsites with travelers using the established Oregon Trail on the river's south side. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Mormon Trail is the 1,300 mile route that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints traveled from in the years of 1846 to 1868. 1 Countless stories have been told and recorded of the trials and tribulations of the Mormon pioneers. In the spring of 1847, Young led the vanguard company to the Salt Lake Valley, which was then outside the boundaries of the United States and later became Utah. , Young met mountain man Jim Bridger on June 28. The effects of differing cultures on the Mormon Trail Summary This lesson will make the students aware of the hardships and trials that the pioneers faced, particularly those that were caused by the people coming from different countries. For the next two decades, wagon trains bearing thousands of Mormon immigrants followed Young’s westward trail. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Religious freedom, an American ideal, has on occasion been denied certain sects because of prejudice. On July 23, Pratt offered a prayer dedicating the land to the Lord. The departure from Nauvoo began on February 4, 1846, under the leadership of Brigham Young. Thousands of people died along the Mormon Trail. History of Mormon Station State Historic Park Old Mormon Station built in 1851 by John Reese. These results indicate the soils on the Mormon Trail have not recovered from compaction at …  To try to meet this deadline and to get an early start on the trek to the Great Basin, the Latter-day Saints began leaving Nauvoo in February 1846.. Heavy rains turned the rolling plains of southern Iowa into a quagmire of axle-deep mud. Most deaths were caused by disease, exhaustion, starvation, or freezing to death. Brigham Young became the new leader of the Mormons. The Mormon pioneer run began in 1846, when Young and his followers were driven from Nauvoo. • The first wagons left Nauvoo and crossed the Mississippi River on Feb. 4, 1846. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints or the Mormon Church was founded by a young man named Joseph Smith, Jr. in April 1830. , Young now had to lead the Saints into the far west, without knowing exactly where to go or where they would end up.
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